Welcome To Sea turtles in Sri Lanka
About Sea Turtles.
The sea turtles are one of the rare species found in the world. Their heritage could be traced to more than 100 million years. They are supposed to have lived during the Dinosaurs age. But at present about 8 varieties of turtles are said to be existing. But due to the destroying of these turtles, there is a threat of these species being eradicated from our planet.
The turtles get together in certain areas of the ocean annually to mate. After mating the female turtles come to the sea shore to lay their eggs. They are supposed to lay eggs after they attain the age of about 30 years. They are said to lay their eggs on the sea shore at night. It is said that these turtles prefer to lay their eggs on the same beach they were born. They are supposed to lay about 120 eggs at a time. Their eggs are white and they are similar to Ping-Pong balls. The eggs are kept damp by the female turtle by emitting a juice to cover the eggs. After laying eggs these turtles go back to the ocean. They keep no connection with the eggs or their newborns.
The eggs are hatched with the help of the warm sand (heated by the rays of the sun). After about 60 days the eggs start cracking and newborns who are about 5cm long find their way to the ocean.
Sea Turtles in Sri Lanka.
There are five varieties of Sea Turtles found in Sri Lanka, namely Olive Ridley Turtle, Loggerhead Turtle, Green Turtle, Hawksbill Turtle and Leatherhead Turtle. The all major nesting habitats are located in the Galle district (Bentota, Induruwa, Kosgoda, Thibbattawa, Ahungalle, Balapitiya and Unawatuna) and Hambantota District (Rekawa, Wellodaya, Kahanda modara, Walawemodara and Yala).
Reasons for the demise of sea turtles.
- Making use of turtle shells to make ornaments and curios.
- Damage done by mechanized boats.
- Consuming turtle eggs.
- The sale and consuming of turtle flesh.
- Getting entangled in fishing nets and dying of suffocation.
- Pollution of the beach and sea by waste matter emitted by hotels and houses situated close to the sea.
- The sound and powerful lights of hotels along the beach is a hindrance to the turtles that come to the beach to lay eggs. Instead of going
towards the sea they go towards bright lights, and that is their end.
- Pollution of the sea by waste materials, such as polythene and other harmful matter which is consumed by the turtles.
The ways to save turtle.
- By educating people about the sea turtles and the value of saving them for the future generation.
- Beaches should be protected from artificial lights in areas where turtles are found.
- Coral reefs, sea weeds and feeding areas of turtles should be protected.
- The ways of fishing should be done without harming the turtles.
- Sea pollution should be minimized.
- Production of items with turtle shells should be stopped by the International organizations.
- People should refrain from eating turtle eggs and meat
From the past, due to the cruel activities of humans, there is a danger that sea turtles are facing extinction. This rare varieties of sea turtles are destroyed by man day by day. It is the duty of each and every one to take action to save these turtles from extinction for the sake of our future generation. Our mission is to save sea turtles and until now we have succeeded to attain the goal gradually.
Our main objective is saving sea turtles for the next generation. The main part of our project is hatching the turtles by our incubators and releasing them to the ocean carefully. In addition to this a large number of turtles which were sick or injured by fishing nets were treated and cured and released to the ocean.